CARA MEMBUAT GAME TIC TAC TOE MENGGUNAKAN HTML, CSS DAN JAVASCRIPT

Assalamualaikum Wr.Wb.

Masih bersama mimin disini, kali ini mimin akan membagikan sebuah tutorial yaitu '  '.
Bagi sobat yang suka dengan coding/program pasti akan sangat membuat sobat menjadi lebih paham tentang coding, dan tutorial yang mimin bagikan adalah sebuah game yang mungkin anda sudah tidak asing lagi dengan game yang satu ini.

Game Tic Tac Toe sangat populer dikalangan anak-anak pada tahun 2000an, atau mungkin hingga sampai saat ini masih ingin memainkan game ini.

Memainkan game ini juga tidak bisa dibilang sulit, karena game ini hanya dimainkan dengan memilih sebuah kotak, dimana kotak itu berbentuk 1 garis lurus, bebas, mau keatas, kesamping.

Okelah, kali ini mimin akan ajarkan sobat membuat game Tic Tac Toe menggunakan HTML, CSS dan JavaScript.

CARA MEMBUAT GAME TIC TAC TOE MENGGUNAKAN HTML, CSS DAN JAVASCRIPT.

1. Buat file dengan nama ' index.html ', kemudian salin/copy kode HTML dibawah ini dan tempelkan/paste di dalam file index tersebut.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <!-- <title>Tic Tac Toe Game | FerdiAnanda</title> -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
    <script src="https://kit.fontawesome.com/a076d05399.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
  <!-- select box -->
  <div class="select-box">
    <header>Tic Tac Toe</header>
    <div class="content">
      <div class="title">Select which you want to be?</div>
      <div class="options">
        <button class="playerX">Player (X)</button>
        <button class="playerO">Player (O)</button>
      </div>
      <div class="credit">Created By <a href="https://www.ferdiananda.net" target="_blank">FerdiAnanda</a></div>
    </div>
  </div> 

  <!-- playboard section -->
  <div class="play-board">
    <div class="details">
      <div class="players">
        <span class="Xturn">X's Turn</span>
        <span class="Oturn">O's Turn</span>
        <div class="slider"></div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="play-area">
      <section>
        <span class="box1"></span>
        <span class="box2"></span>
        <span class="box3"></span>
      </section>
      <section>
        <span class="box4"></span>
        <span class="box5"></span>
        <span class="box6"></span>
      </section>
      <section>
        <span class="box7"></span>
        <span class="box8"></span>
        <span class="box9"></span>
      </section>
    </div>
  </div>

  <!-- result box -->
  <div class="result-box">
    <div class="won-text"></div>
    <div class="btn"><button>Replay</button></div>
  </div>

  <!-- <script src="script.js"></script> -->

</body>
</html>

2. Buat file baru lagi dengan nama ' style.css ', kemudian salin/copy kode CSS dibawah ini dan tempelkan/paste di dalam file css tersebut.

@import url('https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Poppins:wght@200;300;400;500;600;700&display=swap');
*{
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: 'Poppins', sans-serif;
}
::selection{
  color: #fff;
  background:#56baed;
}
body{
  background:#56baed;
}
.select-box, .play-board, .result-box{
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
}
.select-box{
  background: #fff;
  padding: 20px 25px 25px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  max-width: 400px;
  width: 100%;
}
.select-box.hide{
  opacity: 0;
  pointer-events: none;
}
.select-box header{
  font-size: 30px;
  font-weight: 600;
  padding-bottom: 10px;
  border-bottom: 1px solid lightgrey;
}
.select-box .title{
  font-size: 22px;
  font-weight: 500;
  margin: 20px 0;
}
.select-box .options{
  display: flex;
  width: 100%;
}
.options button{
  width: 100%;
  font-size: 20px;
  font-weight: 500;
  padding: 10px 0;
  border: none;
  background: #56baed;
  border-radius: 5px;
  color: #fff;
  outline: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
}
.options button:hover,
.btn button:hover{
  transform: scale(0.96);
}
.options button.playerX{
  margin-right: 5px;
}
.options button.playerO{
  margin-left: 5px;
}
.select-box .credit{
  text-align: center;
  margin-top: 20px;
  font-size: 18px;
  font-weight: 500;
}
.select-box .credit a{
  color: #56baed;
  text-decoration: none;
}
.select-box .credit a:hover{
  text-decoration: underline;
}

.play-board{
  opacity: 0;
  pointer-events: none;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%) scale(0.9);
}
.play-board.show{
  opacity: 1;
  pointer-events: auto;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%) scale(1);
}
.play-board .details{
  padding: 7px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  background: #fff;
}
.play-board .players{
  width: 100%;
  display: flex;
  position: relative;
  justify-content: space-between;
}
.players span{
  position: relative;
  z-index: 2;
  color: #56baed;
  font-size: 20px;
  font-weight: 500;
  padding: 10px 0;
  width: 100%;
  text-align: center;
  cursor: default;
  user-select: none;
  transition: all 0.3 ease;
}
.players.active span:first-child{
  color: #fff;
}
.players.active span:last-child{
  color: #56baed;
}
.players span:first-child{
  color: #fff;
}
.players .slider{
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  width: 50%;
  height: 100%;
  background: #56baed;
  border-radius: 5px;
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
}
.players.active .slider{
  left: 50%;
}
.players.active span:first-child{
  color: #56baed;
}
.players.active span:nth-child(2){
  color: #fff;
}
.players.active .slider{
  left: 50%;
}
.play-area{
  margin-top: 20px;
}
.play-area section{
  display: flex;
  margin-bottom: 1px;
}
.play-area section span{
  display: block;
  height: 90px;
  width: 90px;
  margin: 2px;
  color: #56baed;
  font-size: 40px;
  line-height: 80px;
  text-align: center;
  border-radius: 5px;
  background: #fff;
}

.result-box{
  padding: 25px 20px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  max-width: 400px;
  width: 100%;
  opacity: 0;
  text-align: center;
  background: #fff;
  pointer-events: none;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%) scale(0.9);
}
.result-box.show{
  opacity: 1;
  pointer-events: auto;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%) scale(1);
}
.result-box .won-text{
  font-size: 30px;
  font-weight: 500;
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
}
.result-box .won-text p{
  font-weight: 600;
  margin: 0 5px;
}
.result-box .btn{
  width: 100%;
  margin-top: 25px;
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
}
.btn button{
  font-size: 18px;
  font-weight: 500;
  padding: 8px 20px;
  border: none;
  background: #56baed;
  border-radius: 5px;
  color: #fff;
  outline: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  transition: all 0.3s ease;
}

3. Buat file baru lagi dengan nama ' script.js ', kemudian salin/copy code JavaScript nya dibawah ini dan tempelkan/paste di dalam file script.js tersebut.

//selecting all required elements
const selectBox = document.querySelector(".select-box"),
selectBtnX = selectBox.querySelector(".options .playerX"),
selectBtnO = selectBox.querySelector(".options .playerO"),
playBoard = document.querySelector(".play-board"),
players = document.querySelector(".players"),
allBox = document.querySelectorAll("section span"),
resultBox = document.querySelector(".result-box"),
wonText = resultBox.querySelector(".won-text"),
replayBtn = resultBox.querySelector("button");

window.onload = ()=>{ //once window loaded
    for (let i = 0; i < allBox.length; i++) { //add onclick attribute in all available span
       allBox[i].setAttribute("onclick", "clickedBox(this)");
    }
}

selectBtnX.onclick = ()=>{
    selectBox.classList.add("hide"); //hide select box
    playBoard.classList.add("show"); //show the playboard section
}

selectBtnO.onclick = ()=>{ 
    selectBox.classList.add("hide"); //hide select box
    playBoard.classList.add("show"); //show the playboard section
    players.setAttribute("class", "players active player"); //set class attribute in players with players active player values
}

let playerXIcon = "fas fa-times"; //class name of fontawesome cross icon
let playerOIcon = "far fa-circle"; //class name of fontawesome circle icon
let playerSign = "X"; //this is a global variable beacuse we've used this variable inside multiple functions
let runBot = true; //this also a global variable with boolen value..we used this variable to stop the bot once match won by someone or drawn

// user click function
function clickedBox(element){
    if(players.classList.contains("player")){
        playerSign = "O"; //if player choose (O) then change playerSign to O
        element.innerHTML = `<i class="${playerOIcon}"></i>`; //adding circle icon tag inside user clicked element/box
        players.classList.add("active"); ///add active class in players
        element.setAttribute("id", playerSign); //set id attribute in span/box with player choosen sign
    }else{
        element.innerHTML = `<i class="${playerXIcon}"></i>`; //adding cross icon tag inside user clicked element/box
        players.classList.add("active"); //add active class in players
        element.setAttribute("id", playerSign); //set id attribute in span/box with player choosen sign
    }
    selectWinner(); //caliing selectWinner function
    element.style.pointerEvents = "none"; //once user select any box then that box can'be clicked again
    playBoard.style.pointerEvents = "none"; //add pointerEvents none to playboard so user can't immediately click on any other box until bot select
    let randomTimeDelay = ((Math.random() * 1000) + 200).toFixed(); //generating random number so bot will randomly delay to select unselected box
    setTimeout(()=>{
        bot(); //calling bot function
    }, randomTimeDelay); //passing random delay value
}

// bot auto select function
function bot(){
    let array = []; //creating empty array...we'll store unclicked boxes index
    if(runBot){ //if runBot is true
        playerSign = "O"; //change the playerSign to O so if player has chosen X then bot will O
        for (let i = 0; i < allBox.length; i++) {
            if(allBox[i].childElementCount == 0){ //if the box/span has no children means <i> tag
                array.push(i); //inserting unclicked boxes number/index inside array
            }
        }
        let randomBox = array[Math.floor(Math.random() * array.length)]; //getting random index from array so bot will select random unselected box
        if(array.length > 0){ //if array length is greater than 0
            if(players.classList.contains("player")){ 
                playerSign = "X"; //if player has chosen O then bot will X
                allBox[randomBox].innerHTML = `<i class="${playerXIcon}"></i>`; //adding cross icon tag inside bot selected element
                players.classList.remove("active"); //remove active class in players
                allBox[randomBox].setAttribute("id", playerSign); //set id attribute in span/box with player choosen sign
            }else{
                allBox[randomBox].innerHTML = `<i class="${playerOIcon}"></i>`; //adding circle icon tag inside bot selected element
                players.classList.remove("active"); //remove active class in players
                allBox[randomBox].setAttribute("id", playerSign); //set id attribute in span/box with player choosen sign
            }
            selectWinner(); //calling selectWinner function
        }
        allBox[randomBox].style.pointerEvents = "none"; //once bot select any box then user can't click on that box
        playBoard.style.pointerEvents = "auto"; //add pointerEvents auto in playboard so user can again click on box
        playerSign = "X"; //if player has chosen X then bot will be O right then we change the playerSign again to X so user will X because above we have changed the playerSign to O for bot
    }
}

function getIdVal(classname){
    return document.querySelector(".box" + classname).id; //return id value
}
function checkIdSign(val1, val2, val3, sign){ //checking all id value is equal to sign (X or O) or not if yes then return true
    if(getIdVal(val1) == sign && getIdVal(val2) == sign && getIdVal(val3) == sign){
        return true;
    }
}
function selectWinner(){ //if the one of following winning combination match then select the winner
    if(checkIdSign(1,2,3,playerSign) || checkIdSign(4,5,6, playerSign) || checkIdSign(7,8,9, playerSign) || checkIdSign(1,4,7, playerSign) || checkIdSign(2,5,8, playerSign) || checkIdSign(3,6,9, playerSign) || checkIdSign(1,5,9, playerSign) || checkIdSign(3,5,7, playerSign)){
        runBot = false; //passing the false boolen value to runBot so bot won't run again
        bot(); //calling bot function
        setTimeout(()=>{ //after match won by someone then hide the playboard and show the result box after 700ms
            resultBox.classList.add("show");
            playBoard.classList.remove("show");
        }, 700); //1s = 1000ms
        wonText.innerHTML = `Player <p>${playerSign}</p> won the game!`; //displaying winning text with passing playerSign (X or O)
    }else{ //if all boxes/element have id value and still no one win then draw the match
        if(getIdVal(1) != "" && getIdVal(2) != "" && getIdVal(3) != "" && getIdVal(4) != "" && getIdVal(5) != "" && getIdVal(6) != "" && getIdVal(7) != "" && getIdVal(8) != "" && getIdVal(9) != ""){
            runBot = false; //passing the false boolen value to runBot so bot won't run again
            bot(); //calling bot function
            setTimeout(()=>{ //after match drawn then hide the playboard and show the result box after 700ms
                resultBox.classList.add("show");
                playBoard.classList.remove("show");
            }, 700); //1s = 1000ms
            wonText.textContent = "Match has been drawn!"; //displaying draw match text
        }
    }
}

replayBtn.onclick = ()=>{
    window.location.reload(); //reload the current page on replay button click
}

4. Simpan ketiga file tersebut di dalam localhost atau hosting yang anda miliki.

5. Selesai

Kurang lebih seperti itulah cara membuat game Tic Tac Toe sederhana menggunakan kode HTML, CSS dan JavaScript dengan mudah.
Jika anda ingin mendownload file nya, silahkan klik tombol Download dibawah ini.


Sebelum saya akhiri postingan ini, saya juga akan mengingatkan sobat agar mensubscribe blog ini untuk mendapatkan notifikasi/informasi tentang postingan terbaru dari blog ini.
Saya akhiri postingan ini dengan, 
Wassalamu'alaikum Wr.Wb.
FERDI ANANDA

Halo, Perkenalkan Nama Saya Ferdi Ananda, saya seorang Front-end Web Developer, Graphic Designer dan Content Creator. Hubungi Saya Jika Memerlukan Sesuatu.

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